Everyone loves cookies

Christmas Cookies Cookies Christmas Christ

The name cookie comes from the Dutch word koekje. The British call them cookies, originating from the Latin bis coctum (sounds a little risque) and translates into “twice baked.” (Not to be confused with “half baked.”) Food historians appear to agree that cookies, or small cakes, were first used to check the temperature of an oven. A small spoonful of batter was dropped on a baking pan and put into the hearth oven. If it came out correctly, the heat was prepared for the whole cake or bread. Bakers and cooks used this method for centuries, usually tossing out the evaluation cake, until they eventually figured out they might be missing something.

Alexander the Great’s army took a primitive form of cookie in their many campaigns, gobbling them as a fast pick-me-up after trouncing and pillaging cities in their path, around the year 327 BC. As they became embraced by much of Europe, there are many documents referring to what is now our modern cookies (but no Oreos). Fast forward into the seventh century. Persians (now Iranians) cultivated sugar and began creating pastries and cookie-type sweets. The Chinese, always hoping to be first to the party, used honey and baked smallish cakes over an open fire in pots and small ovens. From the sixteenth century they created the almond cookie, sometimes substituting abundant walnuts. Asian immigrants brought these cookies to the New World, and they joined our growing list of popular variants.

In the Middle East and the Mediterranean, this newfound concoction found its way into Spain during the Crusades, and as the spice trade increased, due to explorers like Marco Polo, new and flavorful versions developed together with new baking techniques. Once it hit France, well, we understand how French bakers loved desserts and pastries. Cookies were added to their growing repertoire, and from the end of the 14th century, an individual could buy small filled wafers across the streets of Paris. Recipes started to appear in Renaissance cookbooks. Most were simple creations made out of butter or lard, honey or molasses, sometimes adding nuts, Orlando FL Bat Removal, and raisins. But when it comes to food, easy isn’t in the French language, so their fine pastry chefs raised the bar with Madeleines, macaroons, piroulines and meringue topping the list.

Biscuits (actually hardtack) became the ideal traveling food, since they stayed fresh for extended periods. For centuries, a “ship’s biscuit,” which some described as an iron-like feel, was aboard any boat that left port because it could last for the whole voyage. (Hopefully you had powerful teeth which would also last.)

It was only natural that early English, Scottish and Dutch immigrants brought the first cookies to America. Our simple butter cookies strongly resemble British teacakes and Scottish shortbread. Colonial housewives took great pride in their own biscuits, which were called “basic cakes.” In the end, the Brits had been enjoying afternoon tea with biscuits and cakes for centuries. In the early American cookbooks, cookies were relegated into the cake section and were known as Plunkets, Jumbles and Cry Babies. All three were your basic sugar or molasses cookies, but no one appears to know where these names originated. Certainly not to be left out of the combination, foodie president Thomas Jefferson served no shortage of biscuits and tea cakes to his guests, both in Monticello and the White House. Although more of an ice cream and pudding fan himself, he enjoyed treating and impressing his guests with a huge array of sweets. Later presidents counted cookies as their favorite desserts, one of them Teddy Roosevelt, who adored Fat Rascals (could I make that up?) , and James Monroe, who had a yen for Cry Babies. Notwithstanding their unusual names, both of these early recipes are basic molasses drop cookies, with candied fruits, nuts and raisins. They’re still around, we just don’t call them that anymore.

Brownies came about in a rather unusual manner. In 1897, the Sears, Roebuck catalog sold the first brownie mix, introducing Americans to one of their favorite bar cookies. Even though most cooks still baked their own sweets, they adapted the recipe with variations of nuts and flavorings.The twentieth century gave way to whoopie pies, Oreos, snickerdoodles, butter, Toll House, gingersnaps, Fig Newtons, shortbread, and countless others.

Americans purchase over $7.2 billion worth of biscuits annually, which obviously indicates a Cookie Monster nation.

Or the humble beginnings of the Toll House cookie in 1937 at a local Northeast restaurant. Toll House cookies are a close second, both packed and homemade. The majority of us have our favorite, be it chocolate chip, oatmeal raisin, sugar or good old Fig Newtons. Who needs afternoon tea? Americans consume them 24/7.

Crate training a puppy

Knowing how to crate your dog is great.

Knowing how to arrange your schedule to be successful is terrific.

But how it is possible to do both?

Now I have something…

… that will make you feel like you are a professional dog trainer.

Painting Dog Golden Retriver Face Trusting

In today’s post I am going to show you exactly step by step how to crate train your puppy. This method may be used for crate training an older dog as well.

And for people who are wondering what can I do instead of crate training for a dog then the answer is to use another room which I’ll cover in a separate post.


Crate training your puppy is the best, fool proof and effective method to train your puppy, especially if your goal is to train your puppy in seven days!

Some believe crate training a puppy to be cruel or barbaric. However, if you will evaluate crate training from a dog’s perspective, you’ll discover that it actually meets an innate desire for a safe place to call his own.

How does crate training helps your pup?

It is in their genetic makeup to want a safe and sheltered area to rest. Many times in the attempt to create their own “den” a dog or puppy will curl up in a box or under a table. Crate training can help to meet this very natural instinct on your pup, and will provide you with several benefits as well.

Offering your pet its own crate meets your pet’s instinctive needs and allows you some control in housebreaking endeavors. Moreover, crate training is a form of dog obedience which can benefit your puppy.

So knowing what makes a fantastic crate for your puppy would be your first step.

The very best crate is one that is just barely large enough so that your dog can lie, stand and turn around. If you give the pup too much space it will destroy the den concept, and will give your pet the choice of devoting half of the crate and still using a clean area in which to rest.

Once a crate was purchased, you will want to give your puppy or dog time to investigate. Just leave the crate on the floor with the door open before your pup becomes used to having it around. Placing dog treats and a towel might help your pet gain an interest in exploring the crate.

After your puppy is familiar with the crate, close your dog inside the crate for ten to fifteen minutes. Stay right there with your pup perhaps even putting your fingers through the wire of the crate.

After ten or fifteen minutes open the door and allow the puppy stay or leave at his or her will. This should be done several times that day getting your little one used to his crate.

The crate is to be his safe space and should not be used to punish your puppy. Toys and treats can help establish this setting of harmony and peace.

Crate training helps you teach your little one not to use the toilet inside. Dogs instinctively desire to maintain their den clean. Dogs do not want to sleep in a soiled area and will do all within their power to hold it till they are taken to their designated potty spot.

If you have a crate that’s the proper fit for your puppy he is going to do all in his power to refrain from using the toilet until you let him out. Crate training makes it a simple way to schedule regular trips to his designated potty place.

“That is the best place to place the crate”

It’s important to determine the crate’s ideal location. You will need to put the crate in a location that will stay consistent. This may be a high-traffic area where your family spends a whole lot of time, but you may also want to present the dog with some rest time removed from activity, particularly at night. Dogs are social animals and some breed much more so than others.

They enjoy being near their family so that they can see what’s happening around them and can feel like a part of things. This is very satisfying to a dog. Since being in a crate should be a positive experience and they should want to spend some time there, you do not want to stick them away in a quiet room or out of the way place in the home. They’ll feel punished, excluded and isolated; and that won’t cause a serine, happy puppy.

Here is the deal:

Ensure you place the crate in a crowded area of the home where they are able to see and hear what is going on with their family. Ordinarily kitchen or living room areas are perfect places for a crate. Bear in mind that you would like this place to be free of uncomfortable drafts, not too near a heat source (radiator, Wildlife Control Service Orlando, fireplace or vent). You will want to avoid direct sunlight.

If your puppy is quite young, you might want to think about moving the crate in your bedroom at night, or placing them in a mobile carrier or next crate. This can leave them worried and feeling abandoned which will result in whining and crying. You don’t want to make the mistake of putting the puppy in bed with you as that will confuse him as to who is the alpha – you or him. But, neither do you want him to feel frightened and alone.

A puppy will get great comfort and a sense of safety and security being able to sleep near their loved ones, especially during those first few days in a strange new place.

After a couple of days, start to move the crate slowly to where you want them to sleep as they have enough time to adapt to their new environment. Simply move the crate further away every few nights until you’ve eliminated them in the bedroom and where you want them to be.

Some ideas of the proper toys and bedding to put on your crate would be tough chew toys. It will supply your puppy with something to occupy their minds and keep them from getting bored.

It will give them an alternative to chewing up their bedding, which might be damaging to their health. It reinforces that being in the crate is a time for some of their favourite items, thus creating the crate a happy place for them. Additionally, it will help reduce the likelihood of your puppy chewing on your belongings.

It’s important to be aware that soft stuffed teddy bears and easily chewed squeaky toys should only be given to a pet under supervision and never left in the crate. They will likely get destroyed, but your puppy may inject pieces causing intestinal blockages.

The most significant thing about crate training is to stick to a strict schedule so that your puppy becomes accustomed to routine! If this sample schedule is adhered to you will be well on your way to having your pet potty trained in record time!

Stick to some 24-hour schedule. To house train your puppy in 7 days, you need to meticulously adhere to a schedule. This will set a routine for both you and your dog. Each moment ought to be accounted for.

This is a sample routine for someone who is home all day.

Be certain that you give your puppy a bathroom break during the evening.

You probably wondering…

… How long can a dog stay in a crate.

The maximum time you are able to leave a young puppy is four hours with a very young puppy you will need to set your alarm clock for every two to three hours. After the alarm goes off take your pup out of the crate and give him an opportunity to relieve himself in his designated potty spot. Then quietly put him back to the crate.

Older dogs may wait longer, but you need to be certain they don’t move in their crate overnight, or all that hard work at the day time is basically undone. During this time do not fuss or even talk to the puppy except to give him his potty instructions – the same words and same tone as throughout the day. You don’t want to give him the idea that night-time is play time.

What’s the bottom line?

A crate is an ideal place to keep your possessions safe and secure and your puppy safe and protected while you are away. Another thought is that a crate is also the most secure and convenient way to transport your dog as it will keep him protected while in the car and is a necessity for airline travel.

You might be tempted to keep your puppy there during the day or to use it as a way to punish him. This will only undermine the training process and possibly make your puppy hate the crate when it should in fact be his haven!

When you are crate training all feedings initially should be performed inside the crate. Be sure that you leave the door open while you’re feeding your puppy. The association with meals will make it a wonderful place for him.

Your puppy needs you as the proprietor to be consistent in your regular but also in the words you use to instruct him. Just as you will want to use the same phrase with the same precise inflection when teaching your pup his designated potty spot; you’ll also need to use the identical phrase and same inflection when instructing him to get inside of his crate. You need to choose the same word every time.

A command like “crate time” or “get on your Kennel” with the exact exact hand gesture can help him to understand what’s expected of him. It is best that your puppy not associate his crate with being lonely.

So in the early days of training be certain you or someone familiar is ready to be with him as he acclimates to his crate. Those early days can also be benefited by maintaining a puppy journal. It may sound impractical to maintain a journal of the times your pet needs to go potty, but it may in reality prevent unwanted accidents to have a written documentation of his successes and his injuries.

A regular feeding schedule will help to guarantee a more regular bathroom schedule. Remember it is critical to not punish your puppy for injuries, teaching your puppy to eliminate outside is a process that requires patience and time.

How to clean your make up brushes

Makeup brushes and makeup blenders can be breeding grounds for bacteria, particularly if they are not cleaned regularly or stored correctly or, even worse, shared with a buddy. Consider it: Even if you don’t have oily skin, the buildup of products and germs can contaminate your brushes and if you don’t clean them, then you’re just going to transfer that to your face.

Brush Makeup Brush Makeup Make Up Beauty C
These steps should be followed when cleaning your makeup tools, whether they are brushes, blenders and anything in between.
Step 1 – Rinsing
As simple as this step is, one needs to be very careful to prevent water from running directly into the bottom of the brush. This is because the water weakens the paste and leads to the falling from the bristles thus shortening the lifespan of the brush. The suitable method to wash a brush is to always rinse the bristles with water streaming down. However, the blender should be rinsed using warm water till it’s fully soaked.
Measure 2 – Cleansing
When cleansing the brushes, a gentle shampoo, Animal Control, soap, or daily facial cleaner may work flawlessly to help break down the dirt or makeup that has caked onto the bristles over time. The shampoo should be worked into the brittles and rinsed with water until they become clean. You can also massage coconut oil into the bristles to get all stubborn products out of the brushes. Lather should be shaped in the blender with the shampoo and thoroughly washed then rinsed until water runs clean.
Step 3 – Disinfecting
Cleansing and exfoliates the blender and bristle of the brush is enough to eliminate all types of dirt around the brush but it isn’t sufficient to get rid of germs and bacteria. The only ways to eliminate germs is to disinfect the bristles. This can be accomplished by using a solution which contains two part water and one part Vinegar.
Step 4 – Drying
The last step to follow when cleaning your brush and blender is to dry them. The excess water can be removed from them by using a sterile towel. The blender should be air dry or if needed to be properly used moist, then it may be put to work immediately.
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Different eyeliner techniques

In regards to multi-tasking a makeup thing – Eyeliner is the first thing comes to mind, 1 liner and so many distinct looks.
Lining is just one of those makeup things that highlights and elevates the most significant feature of your face and can supply you with the ideal look that you need on a day when you’re running short of time. There’s absolutely not any doubt in this eyeliner is crucial to carry in your handbag and one can not do much without it.

I, Color, Eye, Eyeball, Eyelash, Vision
Wearing your eyeliner this way will surely give you a stunning look because it’s extremely popular nowadays. It gives your eyes a very well-defined look together with giving it a glam touch. There are various tutorials whereby you can easily learn how to find the winged tip.
White lining is crucial to carry for a woman. This stylish eye liner can add as much glam to your eye makeup that you wish you have your hands on it before. The best way to use it is by applying it on the reduced waterline to give your eyes a wider look. This appearance is also used when you have not slept well it’ll give your eyes a well-rested appearance. Try this look since it will produce a visually amazing appearance in just some basic actions. First you will need to make an outline and then fill in the area. As soon as you’re finished filling in the area then have a liner pen and draw the inner-side of your eye to find this complete stunning appearance. You may try this appearance on day dresses and fairly sarees if you’re attending a wedding.
There’s something quite sassy about the smokey eye makeup. The smokey look make your eyes seem grunge and sultry. To do this look you do not have to do all you want is to apply a thick coating of Kohl pencil and smudge it. There are lots of video tutorials on the world wide web, find the one which is quite easy for you.
Animal Control never went out of style, who said they did? Well the great news is that they are still in vogue, so grab your favorite glitter colours. The glitter liner will jazz up your appearance and change you from a working woman into a posh queen. There’s absolutely no hard science in using it you can apply it in precisely the exact same way as you’d have done with ordinary eyeliner. But remember if you’re wearing glitter liner then do not wear any gaudy jewelry.
If you’re no longer able to use the exact black dull eyeliner, worry not. We got a fantastic choice for you; they’re so many color liners that may add a traditional touch to your eye makeup. You can select any color you prefer, from pastels to bold or metallic colours.
There’s a new look in town; I hope you’ve heard about it. This fresh look combines of two colours, to get this appearance apply your black liner initially and then “glam up” this appearance with a different colored liner. Remember when you use the second lining employ it in a thin line, this will give it a amazing appearance and will make your eyes an immediate attention catcher.
Cat eyeliner look has gotten pretty trendy these days and you can also get them with regular eyeliner. If you’re a regular vase consumer then you’ll not have a problem in getting this appearance. Begin by implementing the liner in casual fashion, but rather than producing the flick of this eyeliner with a black pencil use a metallic color pencil to produce the flick. If you do not like metallic colors than choose the glitter liner.
Move Black & White
Black and white is the sexiest colours, and if you truly need a dramatic and bold style for your eyes then I suggest you to play with white and black. This is a fantastic eye look for nighttime parties and parties and will always provide you a glamorous look.
So there you go ladies with a lot of distinct styles to glam up your eyes, applying makeup has never been so much fun. There are lots of great brands in the marketplace offering different sorts of eyeliners, so what are you waiting for women. Grab your favorite now and begin turning heads with these drop-dead gorgeous eyes.